The hope of defeating ISIS. What is your chance after the experience of Syria and Iraq?

This question resonates in particular with ISIS’s efforts to return to its former strongholds in Syria and Iraq, intensifying its attacks in the two countries over the past two months and its public resurgence.

The International Coalition to Defeat ISIS held its meeting in Morocco on Wednesday, emphasizing in its final statement the continuation of the war against the organization as it represents a constant threat, and that ensuring the permanent defeat of ISIS in Iraq and Syria remains a priority to combat their funding sources and prosecute and rehabilitate foreign fighters.

The coalition posted on its Twitter account that, on the occasion of the first ministerial meeting of the International Alliance in Africa, “we are relaunching the #One Mission #Multiple Countries campaign”, and that “in the coming weeks, we will go into more detail about our partners’ contribution to our common mission of defeating ISIS.”

Two days before the meeting, Washington imposed sanctions on 5 people accused of collecting funds for ISIS and using them to recruit children.

The international coalition was formed in 2014, made up of 84 countries, to prevent the flow of fighters to Syria and eliminate the economic structure of ISIS.

meeting time

The coalition meeting comes about a month after ISIS sent a message to its members and lone wolves, asking them to step up attacks in Europe, capitalizing on their concern over the Ukraine war.

ISIS recently stepped up its moves in Iraq and Syria, in which the coalition announced defeat in 2017 and 2019, respectively. In March, for example, it carried out 17 attacks in Deir ez-Zor, Homs, Raqqa, Aleppo and Hama in Syria. .

According to the London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, ISIS movements were monitored in the city of Palmyra in central Syria, which is their first public appearance in 5 years, which is a dangerous development.

In Iraq, ISIS stepped up its presence in Mosul with two attacks, and the governorates of Diyala, Nineveh, Salah al-Din and Anbar witnessed attacks that were confronted by Iraqi forces with Operation Strong Will.

organization destination

Over the past year, Africa has become the target of terrorism, with 15 countries witnessing more than 70 terrorist attacks resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries.

The coalition conference’s closing statement touched on addressing the underlying causes of insecurity in Africa, while emphasizing that curbing ISIS is the responsibility of national authorities.

While the coalition held its first meeting in Africa, Jassim Mohamed, director of the European Center for Counter-Terrorism Studies and Intelligence, believes this is related to the organization’s activities there, especially as the UN Security Council indicated that there are 27 terrorist organizations on the continent, and that 41% of ISIS operations are directed at African countries.

In his interview with Sky News Arabia, he noted that Africa has become the new destination for ISIS after losing land in Iraq and Syria between 2017 and 2019.

The experience of Syria and Iraq

Jassim Muhammad sees drying up sources of terrorist financing and achieving justice by prosecuting and reintegrating fighters as a major challenge for the international coalition, and the problem of foreign fighters is on the rise, especially with countries that do not refuse to accept their citizens who joined the organization. in Syria and Iraq.

In his judgment, the coalition’s experience in fighting ISIS in the two countries “was unsuccessful in creating social security, promoting development, and finding radical solutions to the real causes behind the rise of terrorism, and The coalition will face the same experience in Africa. as long as you don’t work in the development and safety of the community”.

Leave a Comment