The sources told “Sky News Arabia” that the Malian authorities confirmed, during an official statement on Sunday night, that the government decided to withdraw from all the Sahel “G5” countries and their agencies, including the joint force to fight terrorism.
The G5 Sahel was formed on February 16, 2014 in the capital of Mauritania, Nouakchott, and the founding agreement was approved on December 19, 2014, and it has its permanent headquarters in Mauritania.
The G5 Sahel is an institutional framework to coordinate regional cooperation on development policy and security issues in West Africa.
The formation of the group came to strengthen the ties of economic development and security, and to combat the threat of terrorist groups scattered in this region, such as the so-called “Al-Qaeda Organization in the Maghreb”, ISIS, “Support for Islam and Muslims”, “Al-Mourabitoun” and Boko Haram.
Observers tell “Sky News Arabia” that expectations about the future of the group are disintegrating, after its founders left the chairs of the presidency in their countries.
The president of Chad, Idriss Deby, died in one of his fights with the rebels, and the president of Mauritania, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, left power after holding elections in which the current president, Mohamed Ould Cheikh El Ghazouani, won, while that the president of Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, fell in a military attack. coup like the president of Burkina Faso, Blaise Compaore. The president of Niger, Mohamed Issoufou, left the presidency in an election that was won by his prime minister, Mohamed Bazoum.
The Mauritanian capital, Nouakchott, has been a witness, since the days of the ordinary session of the meeting of the chiefs of staff of the “countries of the countryside”, which includes Mauritania, Algeria, Niger and Mali.
The meeting discussed the issue of joint coordination between the personnel of the countries concerned in all fields related to military cooperation, especially in the areas of combating terrorism, illegal immigration and organized crime.
The sources revealed that at the meeting of the Chiefs of Staff of the “countries in the countryside” there was also discussion of joint coordination in all areas related to military cooperation, especially the fight against terrorism and illegal immigration; Measures to address common security threats and reduce the spread of organized crime in these countries.
Mauritanian security expert Mohamed Talib Abidi says that the meetings of the chiefs of cabinet of the “countries in the countryside” take place in light of the suspension of the meetings of the five Sahel countries (G5) as a result of the tension between Mali and France in the recent period, which has won the meetings of the chiefs of staff of the armies of the “field countries”. Great momentum, given the great challenges facing this region.
Abidi added, in statements to “Sky News Arabia”, that it is possible that the countries of the countryside will have a greater role in the next period, given the decline in the role of France and the European Union in this region as a result of the dispute between Paris and Bamako and Mali’s use of elements of the Russian “Wagner”.
The grouping of “countryside countries” includes the region from the Libyan border to the Mauritanian border, which is one of the most important illegal immigration routes to Europe, in addition to drug trafficking operations and terrorist activity by groups Al -Qaeda and ISIS.
The assembly of the chiefs of staff of the “countryside countries” was founded in 2010 and is based in “Tamanrasset”, in southern Algeria. Significantly with the Sahel Group (G5), with the exception of Burkina Faso and Chad.