Heat wave scorches Pakistan, mercury soars to 51°C in Jacobabad

KARACHI, PAKISTAN: The heat wave in Pakistan is creating a major health crisis with mercury rising as high as 51° Celsius in Jacobabad, Sindh on Saturday.
Citing The News, Geo News reported that numerous cases of acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by heat stroke, acute watery diarrhea, and gastroenteritis have been reported across the country, especially in Sindh and Punjab, as the extremely hot weather burns these areas.
Residents said the prolonged drought and unavailability of clean water are forcing people to drink polluted water to beat the heat.
Unconfirmed reports suggest that at least three people died of acute diarrhea from water in a remote area of ​​Sindh, Kaccha, in Dadu, when the temperature rose to 49°C, Geo News reported.
Gambat Institute of Medical Sciences (GIMS) Director Dr. Rahim Bux Bhatti said patients with AKI, acute gastroenteritis and other heatstroke symptoms due to prolonged sun exposure are being brought to his heatstroke camp.
“The entire area is in the grip of an intense heat wave for the past few days,” he said while speaking to The News.
Sindh Director General of Health Dr Jumman Bahoto said there were some ‘confirmed’ reports of deaths and illnesses due to heat stroke and water-borne diseases in some cities and towns in the province, which were experiencing an intense wave of heat these days, adding that he had ordered all District Health Officers (DHOs) to collect data and set up heat stroke camps in their jurisdiction, Geo News reported.
“An increase in cases of acute watery diarrhea and other water-borne diseases are being reported in the remote areas of Dadu, while some cases of heatstroke have also been reported when the temperature rose to 51 degrees Celsius in some areas of the city. province. We have issued directives for health authorities to set up heatstroke camps, provide clean drinking water and ORS to patients and provide them with timely medical treatment,” added DG Health Sindh.
As daytime temperatures became unbearable in many cities in Punjab, health authorities said many traffic wardens and ordinary people who remained exposed to sunlight in Lahore suffered acute kidney injuries due to dehydration. They were taken to different health centers in the city, including Jinnah Hospital in Lahore, for treatment.
“Dozens of people, especially traffic wardens in Lahore, fainted due to dehydration from prolonged exposure to sunlight in the intense heat and were taken to different hospitals. We have decided to distribute umbrellas and awareness leaflets to people in Lahore to prevent them from staying permanently.” disability and death due to heat stroke,” said the eminent physician and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Health Sciences (UHS) in Lahore, Professor Javed Akram.
The National Institute of Health (NIH), Islamabad, has also warned of an increase in cases of heat stroke and water-borne diseases due to extremely high temperatures in different parts of the country, saying that heat stroke is a medical emergency and proves fatal. if not treated. correctly, Geo News reported.
“A dehydrated person may not be able to sweat quickly enough to dissipate the heat, which also causes the body temperature to rise. Common signs and symptoms of heat stroke are hot, dry skin or profuse sweating with redness or redness. of dry skin, weakness/lethargy, throbbing headache, elevated body temperature, irritability, dizziness, decreased urine output, heat rash (red cluster of pimples or small blisters),” said an advisory issued by the NIH due to the intense heat wave.
The advisory further warned that heat stroke can cause death or organ damage or disability if not managed properly in time, adding that infants, people over 65, diabetics, hypertensives, athletes and Outdoor workers are at high risk of heat stroke.
On the other hand, the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) said that temperatures remained at 50°C or higher in three cities in Sindh, including Jacobabad, where 51°C was recorded on Saturday, while in Nawabshah (Shaheed Benazirabad) 50.5 °C were recorded and in Moenjo Daro. On Saturday 50°C were recorded.
“Most of the country is likely to remain in the grip of a heat wave for the next week. However, slight relief is expected across most of the country in the afternoon or evening of May 14-17, 2022.” i.e. mainly due to dust storms/gusty winds, rain and thunderstorms in scattered locations in most of the country during the afternoon and evening/night.Daytime temperatures are likely to rise again from 18 May 2022,” warns a notice issued by the PMD.

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